Chaplaincy ministry in the Adventist Church began at Battle Creek College (ca.1875), and expanded shortly after into Battle Creek Sanitarium and other Adventist health care facilities.  World War II prompted a few Adventist ministers with vision to venture into the military services as chaplains.  Nearly one hundred Adventist clergy now serve as military chaplains, providing pastoral care for Adventists in the military services.  The first Adventist chaplain for a correctional institution started serving in the California State prison system in 1959.

Adventist chaplains engage in various chaplaincy ministries throughout the world field. They work on school campuses–elementary through university; in correctional institutions and with law enforcement; in health care settings; in the military; in airports and at sporting events, such as the Olympics.